Structural insights into how the MIDAS ion stabilizes integrin binding to an RGD peptide under force

TitleStructural insights into how the MIDAS ion stabilizes integrin binding to an RGD peptide under force
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsCraig, D, Gao M, Schulten K, Vogel V
JournalStructure (London, England : 1993)
Volume12
Pagination2049-58
Date Published2004 Nov
Abstract

Integrin alpha(V)beta(3) binds to extracellular matrix proteins through the tripeptide Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD), forming a shallow crevice rather than a deep binding pocket. A dynamic picture of how the RGD-alpha(V)beta(3) complex resists dissociation by mechanical force is derived here from steered molecular dynamic (SMD) simulations in which the major force peak correlates with the breaking of the contact between Asp(RGD) and the MIDAS ion. SMD predicts that the RGD-alpha(V)beta(3) complex is stabilized from dissociation by a single water molecule tightly coordinated to the divalent MIDAS ion, thereby blocking access of free water molecules to the most critical force-bearing interaction. The MIDAS motif is common to many other proteins that contain the phylogenetically ancient von Willebrand A (vWA) domain. The functional role of single water molecules tightly coordinated to the MIDAS ion might reflect a general strategy for the stabilization of protein-protein adhesion against cell-derived forces through divalent cations.

Pub Med Link

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15530369?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalStructure
Citekey15530369